Preposition (in / at / on) place

Penggunaan “In untuk menunjukan posisi.

In menunjukan sebuah benda di sebuah ruang atau tempat.

In a room, in a building, in a box, in a garden, in a town / country, in the city centre.

  • There’s no-one in the room I in the building I in the garden.
  • What have you got in your hand I in your mouth?
  • When we were in Italy, we spent a few days in Venice.
  • I have a friend who lives in a small village in the mountains.
  • There were some people swimming in the pool I in the sea I in the river.

In digunakan untuk menunjukan bahwa seseorang / sesuatu berada di suatu lokasi tertentu.

In a Line, in a row, in a queue, in bed, in the sky, in the world, in the country , in the countryside, in an office, in a department, in a picture, in a photo, in a photograph, in a book, in a paper (= newspaper), in a magazine, in a Letter, in the front / in the back of a car, in the corner of a room.

  • When I go to the cinema, I like t o sit in the front row.
  • james isn’t up yet. He’s still in bed.
  • lt was a lovely day. There wasn’t a cloud in the sky.
  • I’ve just started working in the sales department.
  • Who is the woman in that photo?
  • Have you seen this picture in today’s paper?
  • I was sitting in the back (of the car) when we crashed. 
  • The television in in the corner of the room.


in hospital / in prison / in jail :

  • Ani’s mother in hospital


In digunakan untuk menunjukan suatu tempat (Negara, kota atau kampung)

  • The geology museum is famous museum in Bandung.
  • My parents live in a village in the south of Garut.


In digunakan juga Untuk in the rain / in the sun / in the shade / in the dark / in bad weather etc.

  • We sat in the shade. lt was too hot to sit in the sun.
  • Don’t go out in the rain. Wait until it stops.


Baca juga :  Degrees of Comparison

(Write) in ink / in pen / in pencil  dan  (write) in words / in figures / in capital Letters etc.

  • When you do the exam, you’re not allowed to write in pencil.


 (write) in words / in figures / in capital Letters etc.

  • Please write your name in capital Letters. ‘= Write the story in your own words. (=don’t copy somebody else)


(be/fall) in Love ( with somebody )

  • They’re very happy together. They’re in Love.


In (my) opinion

  • In my opinion, the movie wasn’t very good.


Penggunaan “At untuk menunjukan posisi.

At digunakan untuk menujukan seseorang / benda berada di suatu tempat.

At the bus stop / at the door / at the roundabout / at the door / at the church, etc.

  • The man is standing at the bus stop / at the door / at the window.
  • Turn left at the traffic Lights / at the church / at the roundabout / at the junction.
  • We have to get off the bus at the next stop.
  • When you leave the hotel, please leave your key at reception. (=at the reception desk)


At digunakan Untuk menunjukan posisi sesuatu dalam suatu kertas.

at the top (of) / at the bottom (of) / at the end (of) / at the other end of the street.

  • Write your name at the top of the page.
  • jane’s house is at the other end of the street.


At digunakan untuk menunjukan posisi atau letak suatu benda atau tempat yang menunjukan bagian dari suatu tempat.

At the front I at the back of a building I t heatre I group of people etc. 

  • The garden is at the back of the house.
  • Lef s sit at the front (of the cinema).
  • We were at the back, so we couldn’t see very well.


At di gunakan untuk mengatakan bahwa seseorang sedang berada di suatu tempat.

Baca juga :  Noun

at work / at school / at university / at college:

  • I’ll be at work until 5.30.
  • Julia is studying chemistry at university.


At digunakan untuk mengatakan bahwa seseorang sedang berada di rumah.

“At home” atau “home” (dengan atau tanpa ”  at “), kecuali untuk seseorang yang mengerjakan sesuatu di rumah harus menggunakan “at”.

  • I’ll be at home all evening. or I’ll be home all evening.
  • Shall we go to a restaurant or eat at home?


At juga digunakan untuk mengatakan seseorang yang berada di sebuah acara / peristiwa (event).

At a party /  at a concert / at a conference / at the station / at the airport / at somebody’s house / at the doctor’s / at the hairdresser’s, etc.

  • Were there many people at the party / at the meeting / at the wedding?
  • I saw Steve at a conference / at a concert on Saturday.
  • There’s no need to meet me at the station. I can get a taxi.
  • I was at Helen’s house last night. atau I was at Helen’s last night.


At the age of 16 / at 120 miles an hour / at 100 degrees etc. :

  • Tracy left school at 16. or … at the age of 16.
  • The train was travelling at 120 miles an hour.
  • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
  • We are now flying at a speed of 800 kilometres an hour and at an altitude of 9.000 metres.


Penggunaan “On untuk menunjukan posisi.

On digunakan untuk mengatakan suatu orang atau benda berada atau menempel di atas suatu benda yang lain.

On the wall / on the ceiling / on the door / on the floor / on the table / on her (someone) nose / on a page / on an island, etc.


  • I sat on the floor I on the ground I on the grass I on the beach I on a chair.
  • There’s a dirty mark on the waLL I on the ceiling I on your nose I on your shirt.
  • Have you seen the notice on the notice board I on the door?
  • You’ll find details of TV programmes on page seven (of the newspaper).
  • The hotel is on a smaLL island in the middle of a lake.


Baca juga :  Relative Pronoun

on the Left / on the right on the Left-hand side / on the right-hand side / on the ground floor / on the first floor / on the second floor / on a map / on a menu / on a List / on a farm etc.


  • In Britain we drive on the Left. or … on the Left-hand side.
  • Our apartment is on the second floor of the building.
  • Here’s a shopping list . Don’t buy anything thaf s not on the List.
  • Have you ever worked on a farm?


On, digunakan untuk mengatakan sesuatu yang ads di sebiah surat atau selembar kertas.

on the back of a letter / piece of paper etc.

  • I wrote the date on the back of the photo.


Untuk mengatakan suatu benda berada disudut dalam suatu ruangan menggunakan “in the corner of a room”.

  •  The TV is in the corner of the room.

Untuk mengatakan suatu benda yang berada disudut jalan dan diluar ruangan “On / at the corner of a street”.

  • There is a post office at / on the corner of the street.


Untuk menunjukan benda atau orang yang berada di dalam mobil / bis, preposition yang digunakan adalah :

On a bus / on a train /  on a plane /  on a ship but in a car /  in a taxi:

  • The bus was very fulL There were too many people on it.
  • They  arrived in a taxi last night.

Untuk mengatakan di atas sepeda (on a bike), di atas motor (on a motorbike) dan  di atas kuda (on a horse)

  • Jane passed me on her bike.
  • Do you know, who is the girl on the horse ? 




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