Talking about imaginary situations, ungkapan yang biasa digunakan adalah kalimat pengandaian untuk menyatakan keinginan, harapan atau rencana yang kemungkinan terwujud atau tidak di waktu yang akan datang atau bahkan tidak mungkin terjadi pada saat sekarang (pada saat berbicara) ataupun pada waktu lampau.
We use the second conditional to talk about situations that are unlikely or unreal. It can refer to the present or future.
If I had a billion dollars, I would live in a dessert island. (Jika aku mempunyai miliaran uang, aku ingin hidup di pulau terpencil)
• Conditional clause :
If I had a billion dollars. (past tense)
• Result clause :
I would live in a dessert island. (would+base form)
➢ I wish, If only
We use I wish…. or if only…. with the past simple to talk about situations we would like to change.
I wish it were summer. (Aku berharap ini musim panas.)
If only I had a car. (Jika saja aku mempunyai mobil.)
We use I wish… or if only… + would + base form to say we would like somebody’s behavior to change.
I wish you wouldn’t smoke. ( Aku harap kamu tidak merokok.)
If only this machine would work. (Jika saja mesin ini bisa menyala.)
➢ I’d rather
We use I’d rather with the base form to express preference.
“Do you want a cup of tea?” (Apa kamu ingin minum teh?)
-“I’d rather have a coffee?” (Bisakah aku minum kopi?)
We use I’d rather with the past simple to say that we want somebody’s (or something’s) behavior to change.
I’d rather you didn’t leave your bag there. (Aku harap kau tidak meletakkan tasmu disitu.)
We can use if when we talk about present & future imaginary situations. When you talk about an unreal or improbable situation in the present or future, we use if + past verb, would/could + present verb. Could suggests one possibility among others I am imagining, an would suggests one particular situation or dream. Look at these examples:
• If I won the lottery, I could buy a yacht. I imagine a yacht as one of the things I could possibly buy.
• If I won the lottery, I would buy a yacht. I am certain that I a yacht is the thing I would buy and I am not imagining buying other things.
Here are a few more examples:
• If I knew her name, I would tell you.
• If I were* an animal, I would be a dog.
*Note that after if, we use were, not was, so we don’t say “If I was an animal ~”
We can also use if when we talk about past imaginary situations. When you talk about an unreal or improbable situation in the past, we use if + had + pp verb, would/could + have + pp verb. We often use this grammar when we have a regret about the past or we wish that the past situation had been different.
• If I had known her name, I would have told you
• If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a yacht.
• If I had married her when I had the chance, I would have been happy.
• If I had known about the exam, I would have studied.
Past Unreal Conditional
[If … past perfect …, … would have + past participle … ]
[… would have + past participle … if … past perfect …]
The past unreal conditional (also called conditional 3) is used to talk about imaginary situations in the past. You can describe what you would have done differently or how something could have happened differently if circumstances had been different.
• If I had owned a car, I would have driven to work. But I didn’t own one, so I took the bus.
• She would have traveled around the world if she had had more money. But she didn’t have much money, so she never traveled.
• I would have read more as a child if I hadn’t watched so much TV. Unfortunately, I did watch a lot of TV, so I never read for entertainment.
• Mary would have gotten the job and moved to Japan if she had studied Japanese in school instead of French.
• If Jack had worked harder, he would have earned more money. Unfortunately, he was lazy and he didn’t earn much.
• A: What would you have done if you had won the lottery last week? B: I would have bought a house.
• A: What city would you have chosen if you had decided to move to the United States? B: I would have chosen Seattle.
IMPORTANT Only use “If”
Only the word “if” is used with the past unreal conditional because you are discussing imaginary situations. “When” cannot be used.
• I would have bought that computer when it had been cheaper. Not Correct
• I would have bought that computer if it had been cheaper. Correct
EXCEPTION Conditional with Modal Verbs
There are some special conditional forms for modal verbs in English:
would have + can = could have
would have + shall = should have
would have + may = might have
The words “can,” “shall” and “may” cannot be used with “would have.” Instead, they must be used in these special forms.
• If I had gone to Egypt, I could have learned Arabic.
• If she had had time, she might have gone to the party.
The words “could,” should,” “might” and “ought to” include conditional, so you cannot combine them with “would have.”
• If I had had more time, I could have exercised after work.
• If he had invited you, you might have gone.
“LIVE IN A DISNEY WORLD”
Riska : Do you ever think that you are living in a Disney World?
Aurora : Yes, I do. What about you, Ris?
Riska : Of course, yes. If you are one of Disney Princess, what do you want to be?
Aurora : Ahhhhhh, I am always thinking about being a Disney Princess, I want to be Elsa. What about you?
Riska : Heiii! Why Elsa?
Aurora : Because she is cool isn’t it? She has long white hair, with a cool power, ICE!!!
Riska : Not bad.
Aurora : What about you?
Riska : I have always dreamed about Cinderella. I want to be her, God!
Aurora : Why her?
Riska : Because I once lost my shoes in my Internship Office, but luckily, my friend found it and keep it. And in one day we met in a workshops and he gives my shoes back and says “dont lose it again, Fake Cinderella” while smiling. God I dont know what should I do when it happen. I am so happy, he’s so cute.
Aurora : Its so beautiful Ris, you are being Cinderella in a real world. I want it too.
Riska : I know it, I am so happy that day.
“HAVING A NIGHTMARE”
Dio : Hi, Fin! How’s life?
Kefin : Good, what about you?
Dio : Not bad, I have a nightmare last night.
Kefin : What happen? What its about?
Dio : I dreamed that I saw my cat dies, I dont know its looks so real.
Kefin : Relax Dio, its okey. Youre cat are totally fine. Calm down, man.
Dio : I know man, but its really looks real, I cant imagine if that happen in reality.
Kefin : Well, yea. I know what you feel. Its okay, just relax.
Dio : Okay man, thanks.
Kefin : Nevermind mate!
“HAVING A ANXIETY ABOUT FUTURE”
Anya : Hello, is Feby there?
Feby : Yes, I am. Is this Anya?
Anya : Its me, Feb. How are you?
Feby : I’m doing good, what about you?
Anya : I’m doing alright,
Feby : Whats wrong? You look different.
Anya :Feb, do you ever think about the future, like what will you become or what will you do in the future?
Feby : Yea sometimes, why?
Anya : I have anxiety when I think about that like I’m afraid that I will fail in the future.
Feby : Heii! Dont always think about that !
Anya : But,
Feby : Its not good for your health thought!
Anya : I know it, but I cant.
Feby : You can, nya! Youre always can, I believe in you.
Anya : Really?
Feby : Of course!! We’ve been friend since I’m six years old, I believe you, Anya.
Anya : Thanks Feb! I’m sorry for bothering you like this, sometimes I just dont know what to do when this Anxiety cames.
Feby : Its okay, Nya! Just call me or meet me when you are feeling bad. I always there for you.
Anya : Thanks a lot, Feb!! Youre my bestfriend.
Feby : Calm down, Anya.
Anya : Okay, see you.
Feby : Yeaa.
Sumber Referensi :
- https://www.englishpage.com/conditional/pastconditional.html (diakses pada 29 Mei pukul 6.00 sore)
- imaginary-situations/ (diakses pada 29 Mei pukul 6.00 sore)
- https://prezi.com/aaqkikgktt7y/talking-about-imaginary-situations/ (diakses pada 29 Mei pukul 6 sore